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1808 - 1819 1820 - 1829 1830 - 1834 1835 - 1839 1840 - 1849 1850 - 1859 1860 - 1869 1870 - 1879 After 1879


 

Daumier's Life

Part 3: 1830 to 1834

 

 

Date

Biography of

Honoré Daumier

Historical &

Cultural Background

 

 

 

 

1830


July

 

Daumier makes his first political caricatures. Meets PHILIPON, BALZAC.

Birth of CAMILLE PISSARRO.

 

 

July 27-29

 

He participates in the July-Revolution in Paris. - On advice of PRÉAULT first experiences with sculptures.

CHARLES DARWIN starts his journey around the world.

 

 

July 7

 

 

CHARLES X passes 4 decrees which lead to the July-Revolution(Freedom of Press, elections, etc.).

 

 

July 27-29

 

 

July-Revolution "LES TROIS GLORIEUSES".

 

July 31

 

 

DUC LOUIS-PHILIPPE d' ORLÉANS appointed as General Governor of the country.

 

August 2

 

 

CHARLES X abdicts in favour of his grandson, the DUC de BORDEAUX. Exile in England.

 

 

August 30

 

 

The Parliament offers the Royal Crown to the DUC d' ORLÉANS.

 

August 8

 

 

LOUIS-PHILIPPE d' ORLÉANS is sworn in as King of the French people. Becomes King LOUIS-PHILIPPE, known as the "Roi Bourgeois" (1830-1848).

 

 

September 9

 

LD 12: suppression of publication by the censor. - Daumier attacks the House of Representatives.

 

 

November 4

 

Starts drafting single lithographs for LA CARICATURE, together with TRAVIÈS, MONNIER, GRANDVILLE, DEVÉRIA, and BALZAC.

CHARLES PHILIPON and his brother-in-law AUBERT establish the satirical paper "LA CARICATURE"

 

 

December 2

 

 

New law guarantees freedom of the press.

 

December 12

 

LD 18: Daumier attacks LOUIS-PHILIPPE for the first time.

 

1831


March

 

 

Risk of state insolvency under the government of PÉRIER, SÉBASTIANI, and d'ARGOUT.

 

 

March/April

 

 

Introduction of new electoral laws.

 

June 1

 

LD 23 ," UN HÉROS DE JUILLET"

LOBAU suppresses republican demonstrations.

 

July

 

 

Election to the House of Representatives

 

October 21

 

LD 29, Daumier's second attack on LOUIS-PHILIPPE.

The Army is used against Republicans in Paris.

 

 

November

 

 

Suppression of the revolt of the weavers in Lyon.

 

 

November 2

 

PHILIPON was found guilty for publishing 2 lithographs aimed at the King.

 

 

December 7

 

Accusation and acquittal of Daumier and PHILIPON in connection with LD 32.

Legal proceedings against the opposition.

 

December 15

 

LD 33: publication was suppressed by the censor.

 

 

December 15

 

LD 34: publication of "GARGANTUA".The government destroys the lithographic stone and seizes nearly all existing copies.

 

 

1832

 

MANET, W. BUSCH and GUSTAVE DORÉ are born.

 

 

January 2

 

PHILIPON imprisoned for 6 months.

Death of GOETHE.

 

February 9

 

Daumier publishes his first lithograph for "LA CARICATURE" : LD 40.

 

 

LD 35: Daumier is opposed to the division of Poland.

LEROUX creates the word "Socialism". - HECTOR BERLIOZ composes the "Symphonie fantastique".

 

 

February 23

 

"GARGANTUA" (LD 34) leads to legal proceedings and arrest of DAUMIER, DELAPORTE, and AUBERT. Daumier is sentenced to 6 months prison on parole for lèse-majesté and 500 Francs penalty. The sentence is suspended.

 

 

February 23

 

LD 41: "Le cauchemar" (the nightmare). Daumier signs as "ROGELIN". He attacks LAFAYETTE. The symbolic "pear" appears.

 

 

 

March 2

 

PHILIPON is again convicted.

 

 

March 8

 

LD 42: "Les masques de 1831".

 

 

 

April 2

 

Daumier starts work on the "Busts".

 

 

May 12

 

LD 36: Daumier attacks THIERS for the first time.

 

 

May 31

 

LD 44: The government is shown as a madhouse.

 

 

 

July 2

 

PHILIPON again imprisoned.

 

 

 

August 2

 

Publication of LD 49 leads to reinstatement of the suspended prison sentence of February.

 


 

August 27

 

Daumier goes to prison at Sainte-PÉLAGIE. Meets with ARSÈNE ALEXANDRE and GABRIEL DECAMPS.

 

 

March-June

 

 

Outbreak of a cholera epidemic in Paris, 19'000 victims.

 

 

May

 

 

Prime Minister PÉRIER dies of cholera.

 

 

June

 

 

Street fights of the workers in the streets of Paris and Lyon.

 

 

October

 

 

New Government: SOULT, THIERS, and BROGLIE.

 

 

November 2

 

Daumier is transferred from the Sainte-PÉLAGIE prison to Dr Pinel's private clinic.

 

 

December 1

 

 

Foundation of the CHARIVARI by CHARLES PHILIPON.

1833


January 14

 

Daumier's lithograph drawn in prison, printed by RAMELET. ("L'Imagination").

F.ROPS and JOHANNES Brahms are born.

 

January 24

 

Daumier's first lithographs in the CHARIVARI: "Royer Collard", LD 136-141

Birth of A. NOBEL.

 

 

January 27

 

End of Daumier's imprisonment.

 

 

 

February 4

 

End of PHILIPON's imprisonment.

 

 

 

February

 

Daumier leaves home and rents an apartment in Rue Saint-Denis. He meets HUET and DIAZ.

 

 

 

November

 

The CHARIVARI introduces wood engravings (reliefs) in the frontispice.

 

 

1834

Daumier creates prints for CHARIVARI and LA CARICATURE. At the same time he makes 36 terracotta busts portraying parlamentarians of his time.

DEGAS and MARK TWAIN are born.

 

 

February 17

 

 

Law against Freedom of the Press.

 

 

March 25

 

Daumier draws his 5 famous prints to appear between January and July 1834 in the "ASSOCIATION MENSUELLE".

Law against political parties. Unrest in Paris.

 

April

 

 

Brutal suppression of the Republican revolt in Lyon and Paris. ("RUE TRANSNONAIN").

 

 

May

 

 

Death of LAFAYETTE.

 

 

June

 

 

New elections and a new crisis of Government.

 

 

June 2

 

 

Theatre play of "Robert Macaire" written and staged by Frédéric LEMAITRE.


1835 - 1839


1808 - 1819 1820 - 1829 1830 - 1834 1835 - 1839 1840 - 1849 1850 - 1859 1860 - 1869 1870 - 1879 After 1879




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